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Be it out of a hobby, or just to decorate the interior of your house, aquariums are famous worldwide. An aquarium in the living room catches everybody’s attention. There’s nobody who does not like to see cute little fishes swimming in beautiful aquariums, be it small or big.
Ranging from a single goldfish bowl to a 20-gallon aquarium, there are a lot of varieties and sizes of aquariums in the market nowadays. People love to decorate their fish tanks using small colorful stones, cute oysters, frilly plants, etc. Although it looks easy to maintain, it’s not! Taking care of your aquarium and most importantly, your fish can be a tricky task.
Most aquarium fanatics don’t understand that they are not only decorating the interior of their houses but also creating a miniature ecosystem within the extremities of four walls. A small error can disrupt the whole aquarium. Hence, it is essential to keep in mind the requirements and comfort of the living organisms of that miniature ecosystem.
An essential equipment of any ecosystem is the best beginner aquarium plants. And hence, the best beginner plants are a natural part of every marine ecosystem and serve so many purposes. The presence of the best beginner aquarium plants in the marine ecosystem is vital for maintaining it.
Not everybody is good at maintaining plants, be it on land or in water. It needs a lot of knowledge and research for a person to understand the requisites of his aquarium and the fishes in it. If you are deciding to switch to a planted aquarium from your regular aquarium, here is a list of the best aquarium plants for beginners.
In addition to ease of keeping, these products mentioned below are a combination of many plants, which have been optimized to be of low price, highly available, and very aesthetic.
Top 10 Best Beginner Aquarium Plants 2019
1. Goldfish Aquarium Plant Bundle by AquaLeaf Aquatics
This freshwater aquarium plant bundle can be used for aquarium of any size. It includes 10 different species of plants namely, Java Fern, Anubias, Hornwort, Hygrophila, Lobelia Cardinalis, Kleiner Sword, etc., some of which can be separated into several stems and can be planted accordingly.
These plants will make your aquarium look natural and will provide as a biological filter. The plant named Java Fern that is included in this particular bundle is one of the world’s most widely used plants in planted aquariums.
It is a smash hit because of it’s slow growth and unique leaf structure, and also because it tolerates most lighting conditions and many environments. From soft acidic water to alkaline conditions, and even brackish tanks, it can endure anything.
Anubias Petite included in the bundle have low to medium light requirements and can benefit from regular fertilization. Since it comes already attached, you can easily add it to your aquarium or even add aquatic moss to the stone.
Hornwort has a unique foliage pattern. It will attach itself to objects in the aquarium, or may float freely in the water. It grows quickly, provides an excellent habitat for newborn fish, and is one of the best aquarium plants for beginners.
Whereas, Lobelia Cardinalis grows over the water area in open aquariums, where stunning scarlet flowers form and the sheets return to the color.
The plants included in this bundle by AquaLeaf Aquatics provide natural resting and hiding places for small fishes and invertebrates in your aquarium. This bundle is ideal for 10+ gallon tanks. This is an ideal variety for beginners as well as experienced aquarists.
2. Java Fern Microsorum Bundle – Easy Low Light Aquarium Plants
This is a great Java Fern Microsorum combination to bring life to your aquascape. In this bundle, you get 4 grown dense Java Fern rooted plants of each species, namely – Trident, Windelov, Narrow Leaf, Philippine.
These plants are genuinely aquatic and will enhance the biological ecosystem of your aquarium and will make your fish happy too!
How are the four species of Java Fern different from each other?
The Narrow Leaf species of Java Fern has much thinner leaves. As the plant gets mature, the leaves get a slight twist to them that looks really intriguing.
The Philippine species have leaves even thinner than the Narrow Leaf species. The long thin leaves look almost crinkly, and it’s hard to tell that it is even Java Fern.
The Trident has feathery lobed leaves with 3-5 lobes on each side of its leaves. It is shorter than the Narrow Leaf species. It grows quickly and has forks in each leaf. This is one of the more uncommon variants.
The leaves on Windelov species look the same as regular Java Fern until it gets to the ends with finely branched leaf tips. It usually grows up to 8 inches.
All you need is gravel and light for these plants to thrive. These are easy low- light requiring plants. According to most of the buyers of the above plant bundle, these plants are a little pricey but are worth it.
3. Super Red Set Package Live Aquarium Decorations Aquatic Plants Fish Tank By Mainam
- 1 Potted of Cryptocoryne Usteriana Red
- 1 Bundle of Ammania Gracilis
- 1 Loose of Nymphaea Rubra Bulb
- 1 Bundle of Lagenandra Meeboldii Red Round
- 1 Bundle of Echinodorus Red Rubin
- 1 Bundle of Ludwigia Ovalis
- 1 Bundle of Echinodorus Hadi Red Pearl
This aquarium plant package is perfect for any fish tank. The 7 different species of plants included in this package come with Red Theme. This package gives a Red Themed look to your aquarium. Red aquarium plants are a beautiful addition to any tank.
They pop against the surrounding greenery and add interest to the overall look. If you’re about to set up a new tank, then this is a great option to start with, before you flood your tank.
The plants included in this package can get pretty huge, making them a great fit for large tanks. Talking about one of the best beginner aquarium plants package, this might be the one for you.
4. Rooted Live Aquarium Plant Bundle – 6 Easy Species by AquaLeaf Aquatics
The height of the species of plants included in this particular package ranges from 5-8 inches. Since most of them are shipped green, if you buy them online, they ought to change color once acclimated to the tank after a few weeks.
While Java Fern is a standard looking plant, Hadi Red Pearl Sword plant in this package, is a wonderful small to medium sword plant with green leaves with red markings throughout.
It stays smaller than most sword plants and should be planted directly into the substrate. It is vital to supplement the plant with root tabs as Echinodorus are heavy root feeders.
Care for the Golden Melon Sword plant in the above package, is very simple and easy. While it will thrive in high lighting, it is also very durable and can do very well in low to moderate lighting too.
Whereas, Kleiner Bar Sword is a hybrid between Echinodorus Barthii and Echinodorus Uruguayensis, which gives the adult leaves their red coloration. If the conditions are not ideal, it grows slowly. This species is amphibious and will grow either submerged or partially submerged. It requires moderate to high lighting.
These plants that are included in this package by AquaLeaf Aquatics are easy to maintain and hence are one of the best aquarium plants for beginners.
5. Mainam 30+ Stems Package Starter Beginner Set – Live Aquarium Plants
Package Starter Beginner is an aquarium plant set, which is a collection of six different species perfect for all beginners. This package, if planted, will enhance the life of your aquascape as well as the biological ecosystem of your fish tank. This package includes the following species:
- 1 bundle of Micro Sword
- 1 bundle of Echinodorus Parviflorus
- 1 loose of Anubias barteri Broad Leaf
- 1 bundle of Microsorum Pteropus(Java Fern)
- 1 Potted Cryptocoryne Wendtii Brown
- 2 bundles of Elodea Densa
This beginner set is perfect for any aquarium tank. If you are deciding to set up your first ever aquarium, then this set is very suitable for you. This package contains all the species of plants that are essential for improving the beauty as well as the quality of your fish tank. It recreates the natural habitat for the fish of your aquarium.
The Elodea Densa spreads well across the top waterline. It is a good plant for beginners, and its rapid growth helps create a balance in the aquarium from the start. It can also help prevent algae because it absorbs a great number of nutrients from the water.
Cryptocoryne Wendtii Brown species are common and perfect for beginners. Like other Crypts, it grows at a moderate rate and can be grown both submerged and immersed. This species prefers not to be moved once planted. Unstable parameters result in the melting and rotting of this aquarium plant. To propagate, cut off new plantlets growing from the mother rhizome.
The Echinodorus Parviflorus plants are incredibly adaptable, making them a perfect choice for many different types and sizes of aquariums. This stem plant grows in a rosette formation, producing long, pointed, light green leaves that have a hammered texture and prominent veins. It is more compact.
Hence, this set by Mainam is a quality choice for all beginners.
6. Java Fern Bare Root – Microsorum Pteropus Low Light Freshwater Aquarium Plant by AquaLeaf Aquatics
Its shipping size, if ordered online, is 4-6 inches, but it can grow up to 10 inches tall with creeping, green rhizomes.
Java Ferns are suited for not only planted aquariums, but also those that contain cichlids and other large South American fish. It is a very hardy, slow-growing plant.
If you have no clue what to set up in your brand new aquarium, this can be your go-to choice.
7. Echinodorus Parviflorus Rosette Amazon Sword Live Aquarium Plant Rooted Bundle For Freshwater Aquatic Tank Decorations by Mainam
They have bright green leaves with a hammered metal-like texture very different from most of the other sword plants.
This variety of swords is one of the hardiest and grows to an average height of 1.5 – 6 inches Under subpar lighting, it remains shorter in stature.
8. Florida 10 Species Live Aquarium Plant Bundle
This plant bundle by AquaLeaf Aquatics is an easy to maintain combination of plant species that are suitable for all freshwater aquariums. In this package, you get 10 different species of plants, each ranging from 6 – 12 inches of height. But the Lobelia Cardinalis is an exception because it grows up to 3 inches only.
The species included in this package are:
- Anubias Barteri
- Marble Queen
- Hygrophila Pinnatifida
- Altlandsberg Sword
- Red Melon Sword
- Lobelia Cardinalis
- Hygrophila Araguaya
- Java Fern
The Red Melon Sword is one of the highlights of this package of 10 species because this species easily tolerates hard water and grows in weak light, hence is easy to maintain by beginners. It is an eye-catching plant as it scatters throughout the aquarium.
Another species that is included in this is the Marble Queen. It’s not only its name that is interesting, but it has some interesting features too. This plant will flower regularly in an open-top aquarium, which may follow with the formation of seeds. It has some disadvantages too. This plant extends its leaves to the surface of the aquarium, where they begin to float and these leaves may drop off, which makes the aquarium look messy.
The other species that are combined to form this plant package have common features and are best for beginners.
9. GreenPro 3- Bundle Amazon Swords Echinodorus Amazonicus Live Aquarium Plants For Freshwater Fish Tanks
This bundle consists of three bundles of Amazon sword. The specialty of this species is it’s easy and low maintenance. With beautiful bright green leaves, these plants give a beautiful background when planted as a bundle and can be very eye-catching as they give a lush-green look to your aquarium.
Amazon Swords are fairly adaptable but are not really a good choice with certain fish in your aquarium, like the Oscars, Jack Dempsey, Texas Cichlids, etc. because this kind of fish can easily damage the plant leaves. Gold Fishes can also be rough to sword plants because they pick at it from time to time as if it is a salad.
But the plus point with this plant is that its care-taking is not difficult and hence, is one of the best aquarium plants for beginners. The rate of growth of this plant is slow and steady. Once planted, it gets accustomed to its new environment and does cause problems. Under the right conditions, it can grow up to 18-20 inches and is fit for large fish tanks.
10. 10 Species Live Aquarium Plants Package by AquaLeaf Aquatics
- Amazon Sword (Bleheri) + stalks
- Anacharis stems
- Cryptocoryne Wendtii Bronze
- Red Ludwigia
- 5-7 stems of Moneywort
- 5-7 stems of Hornwort
- 6+ stems of Red Flame Sword
- Rotala Indica
Most of the plants in this bunch are plant stem cuttings and root after being acclimated to a new fish tank. The Cabomba species in this bundle of plants are sold under the names Green Cabomba, Carolina Fanwort, Brazilian Fanwort, or simply Fanwort.
This plant can be green or reddish-purple. Green Cabomba care can be pretty tricky. So these plants may not be the best choice for beginners for this reason. In low light, these plants can look good for a couple of days, but the plants often start to break apart and die if planted alone.
The Rotala Indica plant has leaves that are green on the top and pink at the bottom. If planted in the aquarium, gives a pretty look to it. But this plant is relatively fragile and cannot be planted in an aquarium with overly active fish that may damage the delicate stems.
Hence, according to many reviews and experiences of many, this bundle of aquarium plants may not be that great for beginners.
Benefits Of of the Best Beginner Aquarium Plants
1) Improved Chemical Filtration
Introducing plants to your aquarium can prove very beneficial. They are the addition of a unique filtration system. Aquatic plants have an astounding ability to remove waste excreted by the fish.
They also aid in the removal of decaying matter. Not only do they help in the removal of waste from the water, but they also absorb nitrates through their leaves and through the substrate, thus improving the quality of water and making it healthier. But we should keep in mind that plants should not be used in place of mechanical filter. Instead, they should be used in addition to the automatic filters as an additional source of chemical filtration.
2) Aeration Of Water
Adding plants to the aquarium have the added benefits of oxygenating the water. Just like the vegetation on land, the plants in the water perform photosynthesis and release oxygen into the water.
They not only produce oxygen but also absorb the carbon dioxide that the fish respire, hence maintaining the purity of water. There is a common myth that the carbon dioxide respired by the plants at night is harmful for the fish. In reality, plants produce far less carbon dioxide than they consume. They chemically saturate the aquarium with oxygen and hence are of no harm to your fish.
3) Algae Control
Algae growth is inevitable in places that have water (moisture) around. Every aquarium owner will have to face the problem of algae growth in their fish tanks sooner or later. Some algae growth is normal and healthy, but excess algae growth is unsightly and can be hazardous to fish as they suck up the oxygen and nutrients of the water.
Fishes or any living being for that matter; produce waste. Plants absorb nutrients in the water from fish waste that algae thrive upon and reduces nutrient availability in the water, which eventually slows the blooming of algae in the water. Hence, it is always advisable to keep live plants in your aquarium.
4) Recreates Natural Habitat
Freshwater fishes are often collected from natural ponds and rivers in the wild. It is quite apparent that their natural habitat consists of many aquatic plants. So, introducing live plants to the aquarium will help mimic their natural habitat. Fishes that like their environment are less prone to illness and more prone to be active, display vivid colors and spawn.
5) Provide Shelter And Protection
Some fishes can be very territorial, and some can be much more aggressive as compared to other fishes. For this reason, aquatic plants are quite crucial in providing protection and hiding places for fish and can also provide shelter to them even in a confined area like an aquarium.
The establishment of territories can decrease the amount of fighting among fish, by forming many small territories instead of one big one in an aquarium with no plants.
Best Beginner Aquarium Plants: what’s Your Pick?
Picking out a good mixture of low maintenance yet worth-it live aquarium plants is a significant step for all beginners who are deciding to set up an aquarium in their homes. By following this guide to some of the best beginner aquarium plants, aquarium fanatics of any skill level should be able to set up a diverse yet beautiful miniature ecosystem with compatible flora for their fish.
Even though most of the live plants mentioned in this guide are of easy and low-maintenance and have relatively low-light requirements, do not ever forget to take proper care of the plants that you set up in your aquarium for the comfort of your lovely fishes. All you need is gravel, light, and proper care for the plants to thrive. Weekly or bi-weekly water changes are a must, especially for the people who decide to keep a planted aquarium.
With proper care and a good set up, your planted aquarium will surely thrive for years to come.